Ensure the success of your bike parking by choosing the  correct position and location.

Position counts

To ensure bike parking is correctly used position really matters.

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These hoops are an okay design, but are installed too close to the wall. The bike’s frame is not supported.  They also have hard edges which could damage a bike frame and would be improved by a rubber coating or cover.
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The only way to support the frame and lock securely is to park at 90 degrees
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Or bypass it altogether and use a nearby object to lock to

The guide published by Austroads will steer you in the right direction.  They have a standard set of measurements called the bicycle spacing envelope.

austroads-bicycle-spacing-envelope

Installation

Installation needs to be secure.  A bike rack that is not securely fastened could be removed, damaged or repositioned inappropriately.  A professional installation should also ensure the correct positioning of the rack, but it is best to pay close attention to the process.  Installation can cost more than the rack itself, so it pays to get it right first time!

Location

The best located bike racks (for visitor cycle parking) are:

  • As close as possible to the front entrance, ideally as close as the closest car parking spot.
  • Level / safe access (without having to navigate the depths of the carpark)
  • Visible – to provide passive security
  • Monitored – to provide more active security
  • In a well lit location
  • If possible, under cover
  • Out of the way of car doors, disabled access, pedestrians, signage, etc.
  • Not too close to bus and taxi stands or anywhere people queue
  • Allow enough space for other users to navigate, including mobility scooters, prams, wheelchairs, and shopping trolleys
  • Clearly marked as bike parking

Workplace, Education, and Residential bike parking have a different set of characteristics and these can be found in the Austroads guide; and your district plan may (or may not!) provide guidance.  (Note that district plan provisions may not reflect best practice, so refer to the Austroads guide to be sure)

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Located in the bowels of the carpark, so even if you know it is there, it is hard to find, and a candidate for bike theft

Care for other users

All aspects of position, location and installation need to consider the needs of other users, especially pedestrians, people with sight-impairments and other disabilities.

The Cambridge Cycle Parking Guide recommends the following good practices towards visually impaired pedestrians:

  • Contrasting colours or contrasting bands for stands
  • Tapping rails (for cane users) on end stands
  • Aligning stands with other street furniture
  • Leaving a minimum 1.5 metre clear footway

Resources

The following are excellent resources for planning and designing your bike parking.

Cambridge Cycle Parking Guide

San Francisco Municipal Authority Bicycle Parking Standards, Guidelines and Recommendations

The Austroads Cycle Parking Guide